Autism is a medical condition in which people find it difficult to communicate effectively with other people. In this brain disorder, different parts of the brain fail to work in collaboration, thus affecting the overall development of people.
This problem can be seen from an early childhood, before a child reaches 3 years of age but the symptoms may be difficult to comprehend and identify during infancy.
It’s only when a child starts growing and shows different unusual signs like not liking to be held or does not like playing games or does not talk that parents begin to get worried and check with the doctor.
The symptoms of autism vary in different stages of life but there are some core symptoms that can be observed in most of the cases. The most common symptom of autism is problems in communicating with other people. It is essential to understand different symptoms of autism, as it will help in early diagnosis and effective treatment.
6 Common Symptoms of Autism
Poor Social Interactions
Children with autism have problems in establishing a normal communication with other people. They also have difficulty in developing certain non-verbal communication skills that otherwise comes naturally, such as facial expressions, posture and eye contact.
This directly causes problems in making friends with other children of same age group. In addition, they also do not have interest in sharing interesting, achievements or enjoyment with others.
They also lack empathy. People suffering from autism may also face problems in understanding the feelings such as pain, joy or sorrow of other people.
Inability to Speak, Express and Understand
People with autism often have difficulties in speaking, making it one of the most common symptoms of autism. It is observed that as many as at least 40% of autistic people never speak.
Even when they are able to speak, people with autism face a lot of problems in starting a conversation on their own and also fail to keep their interest in continuing a conversation for a long time. You may also observe that they repeat the same words or phrases several times.
In addition to be unable to speak or express people with autism also have problems in understanding someone else’s perspective and often fail to understand the implied meaning.
Limited Interests in Activities
People with autism have a very short span of interest in things. As children, they would not focus or play with the whole toy but like to play or concentrate only on bits and pieces of it, such as wheels of a truck rather than the entire truck as a toy.
You might also notice that autistic people have preoccupation with different topics and they would be fascinated by only specific things. They may also display stereotypical behaviors.
Unusual Sensory Perceptions
People with autism may have unusual sensory perceptions. For instance they may find deep pressure as soothing where as a light and tender touch as very painful. They comprehend things in a different manner and usually have strong food likes and dislikes.
Sleep disorder is yet another potent symptom of autism. A person with autism may have problems in sleeping or may snore throughout the sleep time. In addition, they may show signs of insomnia and sleep deprivation.
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